George Bond, United States Colored Troop Soldier

SPECIAL COLLECTIONS (U.S. Colored Troops Pension File Collection) [MSA SC 4126] ​George Bond. (accessed November 3, 2014).

These pension records contain the most important elements of George Bond’s story. These government documents provide information of Bond’s military service, home addresses, marriage, occupations, injuries, and death. These documents also include the names of the friends of the Bonds, and where they live. This is my main source to create Bond’s story. All of my other sources are basically confirming and expanding the information I learn from this source.

Smith, William Morris, photographer. “[District of Columbia. Company E, 4th U.S. Colored Infantry, at Fort Lincoln.]” Photograph. From Library of Congress: Selected Civil War Photographs, 1861-1865. (accessed October 31, 2014).

Although it is not the same company as George Bond, this photograph displays some of his comrades in the 4th Infantry at Fort Lincoln. This will be a good visual to have for the war portion of Bond’s story.

Allison Wilmer, J.H. Jarrett and Geo. W. F. Vernon, History and Roster of Maryland Volunteers, War of 1861-5, Volume 2. (Baltimore: Guggenheimer, Weil, & Co., 1899). L20937-2. (accessed October 31, 2014).

This book confirms George Bond’s enlistment and discharge dates, and also describes some of the duties and actions of the 4th Regiment Infantry. This can indicate what type of duties Bond had as a soldier, and perhaps the circumstances of his injury.

Baltimore City. Simon J. Martenet, Martenet’s Atlas of Maryland, 1865, Huntingfield Collection, MSA SC 1399-1-75. (accessed October 31, 2014).

This map is used to find where George Bond lived in the city. I use Google Maps to look up the addresses from the Pension Records and then compare the Google Map to this map. I will probably use this map to help illustrate Bond’s movement within the city.

Maryland. Baltimore (Independent City). 1870 U.S. Census, population schedule. Digital images. October 31, 2014. 

This document states a previous address for George Bond before he lived on 517 Eden Street as described in the pension records. This also conveys that Ann R. Bond, his wife, could not write. The source also gives their ages as 30, suggesting they were born in approximately 1840.

Maryland. Baltimore (Independent City). 1880 U.S. Census, population schedule. Digital images. October 31, 2014. 

 States the new street address of the Bonds family and prooves that they were living with another woman, Adaline Barnes, who was a chamber maid. This document also provides the occupation of all three people and confirms (as indicated in the previous census) that Ann R. Bonds cannot read or write. Also, the document calls Ann’s age into question because this census indicates she is now 42 while the previous census listed her age as 30. This discrepancy suggests that census records and other documents can contain incorrect information. Further, there were other individuals named “George Bond” living in Baltimore, and this might have led to confusion in the census and in the pension records.

Adapted from Annotated Primary Source Bibliography by Sidrah Shayiq

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