For Further Reading


Barbara Jean Fields Slavery and Freedom on the Middle Ground:  Maryland During the 19th Century (Yale University Press, 1984)

Max Grivno Gleanings of Freedom:  Free and Slave Labor Along the Mason-Dixon Line, 1790-1860 (University of Illinois Press, 2011)

Stanley Harrold Border War: Fighting over Slavery before the Civil War (University of North Carolina Press, 2010)

Christopher Phillips Freedom’s Port: The African American Community of Baltimore, 1790-1860 (University of Illinois Press, 1997)

Seth Rockman Scraping By: Wage Labor, Slavery, and Survival in Early Baltimore (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011)

Jean Russo Planting an Empire:  The Early Chesapeake in British North America (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012)

Calvin Schermerhorn Money over Mastery, Family over Freedom: Slavery in the Antebellum Upper South (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011)

Thomas P. Slaughter Bloody Dawn: The Christiana Riot and Racial Violence in the Antebellum North (Oxford University Press, 1994)

Carol Wilson Freedom at Risk:  The Kidnapping of Free Blacks in America, 1780 to 1865 (University Press of Kentucky, 1994)

T. Stephen Whitman The Price of Freedom, Slavery, and Manumission in Baltimore and Early National Maryland (University Press of Kentucky, 2014)

Anne Elizabeth Yentsch A Chesapeake Family and Their Slaves: A Study in Historical Archaeology (Cambridge University Press, 1994)


David Skillen Bogen “The Maryland Context of Dred Scott:  The Decline in the Legal Status of Maryland Free Blacks, 1776-1810″ The American Journal of Legal History, Volume 34, Number 4 (October 1990), pp. 381-411.

Charles Desmond Dutrizac “Local Identity and Authority in a Disputed Hinterland:  The Pennsylvania-Maryland Border in the 1730s” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Volume 115, Number 1 (January, 1991), pp 35-61.

Gerald G. Eggert “The Impact of the Fugitive Slave Law on Harrisburg:  A Case Study” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Volume 109, Number 4 (October, 1985), pp. 537-569.

Stephen G. Hall “To Render the Private Public: William Still and the Selling of ‘The Underground Railroad'” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Volume 127, Number 1 (January, 2003), pp. 35-55

Stanley Harrold “On the Borders of Slavery and Race:  Charles T. Torrey and the Underground Railroad” Journal of the Early Republic, Volume 20, Number 2 (Summer, 2000), pp. 273-292.

John Henderson et. al. “Notes and Documents:  Rescuing African American Kidnapping Victims in Philadelphia as Documented in the Joseph Watson Papers at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Volume 129, Number 3 (July 2005), pp. 317-345.

Joe Lockard “Justice Story’s ‘Prigg’ Decision and the Defeat of Freedom” American Studies, Volume 52, Numbwr 4 (20017), pp. 467-480.

Nilgun Anadolu Okur “Underground Railroad in Philadelphia, 1830-1860″ Journal of Black Studies, Volume 25, Number 5 (May, 1995), pp. 537-557.

J. Elliott Russo “‘Fifty-Four Days Work of Two Negroes:’ Enslaved Labor in Colonial Somerset County, Maryland” Agricultural History, Volume 78, Number 4 (Autumn, 2004), pp. 466-492

Loren Schweninger “Freedom Suits, African American Women, and the Genealogy of Slavery William and Mary Quarterly, Volume 71, Number 1 (January 2014), pp. 35-62

Edie Wallace “Reclaiming the Forgotten History and Cultural Landscapes of African-Americans in Rural Washington County, Maryland” Material Culture, Volume 39, Number 1 (Spring, 2007), pp. 9-32.

T. Stephen Whitman “Industrial Slavery at the Margin:  The Maryland Chemical Works” The Journal of Southern History, Volume 59, Number 1 (February, 1993), pp. 31-62.

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